Logic A foundation of Critical Thinking
Authors: Jensen DG. Mañebog, Jeremias F. Buraga, Rafael Y. Paragas, Ma. Rubeth R. Hipolito
BECAUSE THINKING CORRECTLY is an integral part of who we are as human beings, the idea of helping people develop their reasoning ability involves expanding who they are as rational beings. This is one of the many reasons teaching a course in Logic and Critical Thinking is perpetually exciting and gratifying.
Teaching students the subject Logic is equipping them with useful intellectual tools which also refine their viewpoint from which they view the world. As Logic also calls for the need to evaluate and persistently reassess one's concepts and even values, this academic discipline, in effect, aptly guides people in making wise decisions in life. Moreover, clear understanding of many things oftentimes leads to properly looking at the world and life itself. The dictum thus resounds: Logic, as is the case with other branches of Philosophy, may not teach us how to make a living, but it could teach us that life is worth living.
This book in Logic is written to serve as a comprehensive introduction to reasoning and Critical Thinking. It humbly aims to help the readers develop thinking abilities needed for academic study and career success as it fosters relatively advanced intellectual and language abilities.
Features of this Book
This book possesses various features that make it an effective tool for both instructor and students. This book is
- Logically Arranged. It begins with the basic things about Logic and Critical Thinking and then sequentially progresses to more sophisticated thinking—the critical evaluation of terms, propositions, and arguments, respectively.
- Written in Module Form. Each lecture comes with other important elements like objectives, discussions, activities, self-tests, and the like which make each module a holistic learning package.
- A Simplified Easy-to-Read Logic Book. Though simplifying Philosophy lectures is experientially easier said than done mission, this book nonetheless endeavores for this objective as it also contains other attributes that make the lectures reader-friendly. Whenever appropriate, sections are written in conversational tone using the `you' and 'we' pronouns as if talking to the readers. Furthermore, sensible and easy-to-understand examples are carefully chosen for each topic.
Logic The Basics of Correct Reasoning 2013 Edition
Authors: Rosendo S. Gualdo, Dennis M. Placido, Charlie M. Dagwasi
The human person is a rational being whose progress and survival depends to a large extent on his/her reasoning powers. It is imperative therefore that he/she hones this to the utmost extent in order to survive and prosper. His/her life, private or public, professional or personal, individual or social depends on his/her reasoning ability. Thus, there is a need for logic in his/her life both for personal and national development.
This Logic book discusses classical and modern logic to develop critical thinking among the students. It introduces students to the foundational concepts and theories of logic as applied to argumentation and debate and its significance to philosophical endeavor. It provides insights and understanding of the classical and symbolic logic.
Students are expected to engage in reflective and critical practice of making correct and valid reasoning which can serve as a good foundation to argumentation and debate and towards understanding human life. Finally, students are to think critically and form judgment on recurrent phenomena towards national development, appreciate making correct inferences from statements or premises conducive for holistic development; acquire correct thinking as manifested in his daily life activities; to modify clear ideas and express these in correct and proper terms for better community relations; to verify deceptive and erroneous reasoning for peace and unity; and to confidently engage in honest and respectable exchange of ideas; whether in formal setting (e.g. debate) or in ordinary day-to-day discourses by guiding him/her in making valid inferences and in establishing the truth of his/her conclusions and claims by way of correct reasoning.
Logic The Basics of Correct Thinking
Authors: Vicente S. Carbon, Winston B. Gallinero, Glenn G. Pajares
There are many literatures concerning Logic that present the basics of correct thinking such as simple apprehension, understanding terms and concepts, judgments and propositions, the kinds of inference, and the kinds of fallacies. However, only a few books provide an overview of philosophy vis-à-vis logic, and the relevance of Logic to other disciplines and in our day-to-day living.
This book provides the readers with an overview of philosophy in relation to Logic and the relevance of Logic to other disciplines such as the rigorous and the social sciences, and most importantly in our day-to-day living.
One of the unique features of this book is that in discussing the significance of Logic, the different schools of thought such as Platonic, Materialism, Aristotelian and Oriental are given overviews. The overviews are supplemented with Euler diagrams and a combination of Euler and Venn diagrams so that the readers will have vivid pictures of the schools of thought through symbols.
Another unique feature of this book is that it presents and clarifies in Module I the basic laws and principles governing correct thinking. This is very important because at the outset of the study of correct thinking, the readers are already aware of and will be guided by the foundational norms of classical logic.
The basic laws and principles governing correct thinking like the basic law on the truth of the antecedent and its consequent and the basic principles like the principle of identity and the principle of contradiction, among others, are further clarified in Module Ill concerning judgments and propositions. Moreover, these laws and principles are applied intensively in Module V concerning immediate inference and in Module VI which deals with mediate inference. Euler diagrams and Venn diagrams are also presented to supplement and clarify further the illustrative examples of the inferences.
But the most unique feature of this book is its constructive critique of the errors of some popular authors of Logic book by presenting and rectifying the errors such as the erroneous use of Venn diagrams which is dealt with in Module V, the erroneous classification of some fallacies into fallacies not of language or non-linguistic fallacies which is dealt with in Module VII.
Through the unique features of this book with emphasis to the last one, the authors fervently hope that the readers may realize also some insights like to simplify complex concepts and principles is far different from a simplistic discussion, having a broad and open mind is far better than having a myopic and close mind, and to detect an error is good but to constructively rectify it is better.
Enjoy reading and learning!