Studying and Thinking Skills in English
Authors: Constacia M. Mazon, Bernadette B. Enriquez
YOUR STUDYING AND THINKING task here is meant to enhance your communication skills in English for you to cope effectively with your academic requirements. The lessons and activities are designed to make you achieve the desired enhancement These are composed and developed into nine chapters.
The first chapter is about paving the way to an enhanced studying and thinking skills in English — focusing on getting an overview of the course through the syllabus, using the library, taking down notes, and honing critical and creative thinking.
The second chapter is about enhancing studying and thinking skills to cope with the demands of an examination before, during, and after taking it. ft focuses specifically or coping with the given instructions and on answering the questions asked in A.
The third chapter is about identifying and stating a fact and an opinion and on identifying and drawing out an inference.
The fourth chapter is all about enhancing studying and thinking skills towards effective reading in English.
The fifth chapter i ail about enhancing studying and thinking skills in English towards reading with comprehension essays, short stories, drama, and poems.
The sixth chapter is about enhancing studying and thinking skills towards effective writing and speaking in English.
The seventh chapter is about enhancing studying and thinking skills towards unity, coherence, and emphasis in developing and organizing ideas.
The eighth chapter is ail about enhancing studying and thinking skills in English towards effective development and organization of ideas in speaking and writing.
And the ninth chapter is about enhancing studying and thinking skills in English towards writing a good paragraph, essay, summary, and paraphrase.
Each lesson gives the nature of the studying and thinking work to be done and some techniques that can be used for the task to be done more efficiently.
Overall, this program of lessons is your writer's well-meant response to the syllabus suggested for use in tertiary English One by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED).
Philippine History (BLUE)
Authors: Efren L. Quiray, Felipe D. Romanillos, Emily B. Baluyot, Ronel P. Dela Cruz, Edgar G. Galang, Berlyn F. PA-AT
Re-creating or putting fresh life into a story is a new way of looking at the established history. Human history must not be told like a dead thing. It must be narrated with life so that learning will be interesting. Further, it must not be viewed from one angle only It must be examined from different perspectives with life. There is emotion, truth, and action. Hence, the application of outcomes-based teaching and learning or OBTL approach in teaching Philippine History is suggested. This is a departure from the usual narrate-listen approach. In OBTL, the students are not just observers or listeners but they are actors themselves. The students will have a chance to play the roles of heroes or historical personages long dead in the past.
The usual story about Bonifacio, for instance, is repeatedly told in our history books without considering other angles and possibilities of the events surrounding his lifetime that led to his tragic end. The pattern is one-dimensional so that other facets of his life are not included as part of his history. From this old pattern, this new shift of re-creating or putting fresh life into the story• of Bonifacio and the Katipunan is introduced as a new direct operating system — from the locked type of learning to democratic type. Here, other possibilities of learning are applied to give students freedom to think and present new perspectives.
Why should we use this new approach? If our history were written alive, reading it would be interesting. The story about our heroes' fight for freedom must be made easy to read by the students. One way of doing this is putting fresh life into their stories. The significant achievements of our heroes such as Rizal, Bonificio, and many others must be portrayed with touch, sight, taste, hearing, and feeling. This will make written history more Pilipino that could show settings common to our racial and geographical bond. Thus, the meaning of our heroes' fight for freedom will be set vividly in the students' minds and hearts.
Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas
May akda: Eric C. Claudio, Teodora Luz Soto Mangahas
Ang pag-aaral ng kasaysayan ay hindi kalugod-lugod sa karamihan ng mag-aaral na kumukuha ng asignaturang ito. Subalit sila ay kinakailangang kuhanin ito upang ipasa at tapusin ang kanilang kurso. Sa dahilang ito, ang mga may akda ng aklat na ito ay pinilit at pinagsikapang talakayin ang kasaysayan ng Pilipinas sa pinakamadali at kalugod-lugod na pamamaraan.
Ang pagiging Pilipino ay hindi lamang ang pagsilang at pamumuhay sa Pilipinas bagkus ito ay ang pagkakaalam ng kanyang pinagmulan at tuloy ang kanyang patutunguhan. Kung ang bawat Pilipino ay clam ang kanyang kasaysayan, marahil ay ni sa guni-guni ay hindi niya nanaisin na ito ay talikuran at talikdan. Mayaman ang kasaysayan ng Pilipinas sa mga magaganda at kaakit-akit na gunita, ito ay parang terra ng pelikula na bumangon sa kanyang pagkakalugmok upang durugin ang kanyang mang-aapi at tuluyang tumayo sa kanyang sariling mga paa.
Ang kasaysayan ng isang bansa ay kapupulutan ng maraming anal at kaalaman na maaaring gawing batayan ng mga susunod na henerasyon. Ito ay magsisilbing pamantayan at lakas ng boob upang ipagpatuloy ang buhay na nasimulan kahit na sa kanyang tingin ay may mga balakid na nagtutulak sa kanyang maging tuliro sa kanyang pagkatao bilang mamamayan rig kanyang bansa.
Sa ating pag-aaral ng kasaysayan, matutuklasan nating lahat – lahat ng bansa gaano man kaunlad ay may pinagmulang kahirapan at kabiguan at gaano man kalakas ay may kagustuhang maging malaya o patuloy na maging malaya. Ang Pilipinas ay hindi kaiba sa lahat ng bansa, dumaan ito sa ib'at ibang pagsubok ng panahon tulad ng mga rebolusyong madugo at pati na rin ang mapayapa. Mababatid na ang Pilipinas ay may kasaysayang binigyang kulay at bahid ng iba't ibang bansa sa kanluran at silangan na sumakop at nag impluwensiya dito. Bagamat ang mga bansang ito ay nagbigay ng bagong kabihasnan sa ating bansa subalit hindi nangangahulugang tayo ay wala pang kabihasnan bago pa man dumating ang mga mananakop.
Sa boob ng mahabang panahon, ang Republika ng Pilipinas ay nagkaroon ng labing apat na pangulo at sa bawat pamumuno ng mga ito ay masisilayan ang pagkabigo at pagtatagumpay ng kanilang mga hakbangin upang itaguyod at paunlarin ang ating bansa. Sa boob ng mga panahong ito ay matutunghayan natin ang pagbulusok at pagbangon ng ating bansa. Magugunita ang panahon ng diktadura ni Pangulong Ferdinand E. Marcos na halos dalawampu't dalawang taon subalit tinapos lamang sa boob ng apat na araw ng isang mapayapang rebolusyon. Dagdag pa dito, ang pamumuno ni Pangulong Joseph E. Estrada na
diumano'y punong-puno ng katiwalian.
Sa ilalim ng Pangulong Gloria Macapagal Arroyo na siyang pumalit kay Estrada ay patuloy ang mga hamon sa ating bansa. Patuloy ang paglaban, pagsisikap at patuloy ang paggawa ng kasaysayan ng Pilipinas.
Isang panaginip na sandy lahat ng Pilipino scan mang panig ng mundo ay magkaroon ng kaalaman at interes sa kasaysayan ng kanyang bansa sapagkat dito lamang nya malalaman ang kanyang patutunguhan at tuloy maiwasan ang mga pagkakamali ng kanyang mga ninuno. Masarap ihatid sa susunod na henerasyon na ang kasalukuyang Pilipino kagaya mo at ako ay ginawa ang dapat gawin upang mahalin ang ating bansa sapagkat tayo ay may magagawa ngayon at ito ay ating gagawin.
Ang pag-unlad ng isang bansa ay nakasalalay sa pagkakaalam niya ng kanyang kasaysayan. Ayon nga sa ating pambansang bayaning si Dr. Jose Rizal, “Ang Pilipinas ay hindi maunlad kaya ang mga Pilipino ay tinatamad”. Samakatuwid, kung ang Pilipinas ay maunlad, ang mga Pilipino ay magkakaroon ng pagkakataon upang ipakita ang kanilang buong talento para dito.
Logic A foundation of Critical Thinking
Authors: Jensen DG. Mañebog, Jeremias F. Buraga, Rafael Y. Paragas, Ma. Rubeth R. Hipolito
BECAUSE THINKING CORRECTLY is an integral part of who we are as human beings, the idea of helping people develop their reasoning ability involves expanding who they are as rational beings. This is one of the many reasons teaching a course in Logic and Critical Thinking is perpetually exciting and gratifying.
Teaching students the subject Logic is equipping them with useful intellectual tools which also refine their viewpoint from which they view the world. As Logic also calls for the need to evaluate and persistently reassess one's concepts and even values, this academic discipline, in effect, aptly guides people in making wise decisions in life. Moreover, clear understanding of many things oftentimes leads to properly looking at the world and life itself. The dictum thus resounds: Logic, as is the case with other branches of Philosophy, may not teach us how to make a living, but it could teach us that life is worth living.
This book in Logic is written to serve as a comprehensive introduction to reasoning and Critical Thinking. It humbly aims to help the readers develop thinking abilities needed for academic study and career success as it fosters relatively advanced intellectual and language abilities.
Features of this Book
This book possesses various features that make it an effective tool for both instructor and students. This book is
- Logically Arranged. It begins with the basic things about Logic and Critical Thinking and then sequentially progresses to more sophisticated thinking—the critical evaluation of terms, propositions, and arguments, respectively.
- Written in Module Form. Each lecture comes with other important elements like objectives, discussions, activities, self-tests, and the like which make each module a holistic learning package.
- A Simplified Easy-to-Read Logic Book. Though simplifying Philosophy lectures is experientially easier said than done mission, this book nonetheless endeavores for this objective as it also contains other attributes that make the lectures reader-friendly. Whenever appropriate, sections are written in conversational tone using the `you' and 'we' pronouns as if talking to the readers. Furthermore, sensible and easy-to-understand examples are carefully chosen for each topic.